Sunday, December 21, 2008

Gate, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for gate is ando. The word for great gate is andon (plural andondi).

The Sindarin word for gate (or great door) is annon. The plural, gates, is ennyn.

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Gate, in my words

perat : gate

The Illunse word for gate is perat. Perat is a last name. Perat is the name of a town in Albania. There is Chateau Mont-Perat Bordeaux wine. Perat translates to rancid in Indonesian.

To come up with this word for gate, I mixed of the Old English word geat and the Latin word porta.

Monday, November 24, 2008

Eye, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for eye is hén or hen.

The Sindarin word for eye is hen.

Amon Hen (Sindarin for 'Hill of the Eye') is the name of a hill in Tolkien's Middle-earth.

Sunday, November 23, 2008

Eye, in my words

eocl : eye

The Illunse word for eye is eocl. Eocl is an unusual last name. EOCl is an acronym for Extractable Organic Chlorine.

My word for eye is a mix of the Old English word for eye éage, and the Latin word for eye oculus.

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for eye is now ocge.

Thursday, November 20, 2008

Ice, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for ice is helcë.

The Sindarin word for ice is heleg.

Ice was a surprisingly straightforward word to translate. I'm used to finding multiple words in Quenya and Sindarin, with different shades of meaning, for English words. Maybe I should look at more words to talk about the weather.

Wednesday, November 19, 2008

Ice, in my words

gise : ice

The Illunse word for ice is gise. Gise is a last name. Gise is an unusual first name. Gise is the name of a city in Iraq and a town in New Mexico.

This word is a mix of the Latin word for ice glacies (like the word glacier), and the Old English word for ice is (which can be written with a long mark over the i).

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for ice is now glise.

Friday, November 07, 2008

Copper, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for the metal copper is tambë
The Sindarin word for the metal copper is rust

Thursday, November 06, 2008

Copper, in my words

cuar : copper

The Illunse word for copper (metal) is cuar. Monte Cuar is a low mountain peak in Italy. Cuar is an uncommon last name. Cuar translates to curve in Irish.

This word is a mix of the Late Latin word for copper cuprum (or the chemical symbol for copper which is Cu), and the Old English word for copper ar.

I've changed this word. For the Old English word for copper now using copor. My Illunse word for copper is now copur.

Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Iron, in my words

iserr : iron

The Illunse word for iron is iserr. IsErr is a Microsoft Excel function. Iserr is an unusual last name.

This word is inspired by the Old English word for iron which is isern, and the Latin word for iron which is ferrum.

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for iron is now ifer.

Saturday, October 04, 2008

Silver, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for the metal silver is telpe.
The Sindarin word for the metal silver is celeb.

Friday, October 03, 2008

Silver, in my words

selgar : silver

The Illunse word for silver is selgar. Selgar is an unusual last name. Selgar is a place in Afghanistan.

This new word is a mashup of the Old English word for silver which is seolfor and the Latin word for silver which is argentum.

Friday, May 02, 2008

Brother, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for brother are toron (older source) or háno (later source and possibly a replacement of toron). In addition the word otorno means sworn brother or associate.

The Sindarin word for brother is muindor. In addition the word gwador means sworn brother or associate.

Friday, April 25, 2008

Bow, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for bow (weapon) is quinga.
The Sindarin word for bow (weapon) is peng.

I was careful translating the word bow to elven. Bow is one of those English words with multiple, diverse meanings. In addition to being a piece of resilient wood with taut cord used to shoot arrows, a bow can be the forward part of a vessel, a bending of the body as a sign of respect or acknowledgement or submission, a decorative interlacing of ribbons, and something curved in shape.

Saturday, April 12, 2008

Wolf, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for wolf are ráca and narmo.
The Sindarin words for wolf are draug and garaf.

There are apparently two words for wolf in these Elven languages, which is interesting. I don't know how each word is used, or quite how they differ.

Saturday, April 05, 2008

Dagger, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for dagger (or knife) is sicil
The Sindarin word for dagger (or knife) is sigil

For this English word the Quenya and Sindarin words are quite close. You might ask, what's the difference between the Elven languages of Quenya and Sindarin?

At the time of The Lord of the Rings, Quenya was no longer a living language: most Elves spoke Sindarin, and Men mostly spoke Westron. Quenya was used as a formal language and for writing; Sindarin was the vernacular Elven language. Tolkien occasionally referred to Quenya as "Elven-Latin".