Sunday, August 29, 2010

Ear, in my words (revised) + ears (revised)

eure : ear

The Illunse word for ear is eure. Eure is a last name. Eure is a river and department in the north of France. Eure is the name of a town in North Carolina.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for ear which is auris, and the Old English word for ear which is éare.

eura : ears

The Illunse word for ears (nominative plural) is eura. Eura is an unusual last name. Eura is a unusual feminine first name. Eura is the name of a city in southwest Finland.

Ears in Latin is auris. Ears in Old English is éaran.

I decided to change this word. Never mind that I just created this word. I thought that I'd rather have a word starting in E. I've been starting too many words for body parts like the Latin words.

Note that I've changed the word for ears from eura to euran.

Saturday, August 28, 2010

Pronouncing e and ei

In Illunse, pronounce e as in met or pet. This is as the Latin e (unaccented e), and as (or similar to) the Old English e (short or unaccented e).

In Illunse, pronounce ei as a in way or plate, or as ey in hey. This is as ē (e macron) or ei in Reconstructed Ancient Latin Pronunciation, and as the Old English é (long or accented e).

Friday, August 27, 2010

Ear, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words + ears

The Quenya word for ear is likely lár, and the dual plural (pair of ears) is likely laru. Apparently Tolkien's wording was not clear.

The Sindarin word for ear is lhewig and the plural (one person's pair of ears) is lhaw.

Thursday, August 26, 2010

Ear, in my words +ears

aure : ear

The Illunse word for ear is aure. Aure is a last name. In Interlingua aure means ear. In Quenya aure means daylight. In Norwegian aure means trout. Aure is the name of a cities in India, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and Norway. Aure is the name of a town in Minnesota. Vielle-Aure is the name of a town in the Midi-Pyrenees region of France.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for ear which is auris, and the Old English word for ear which is éare.

auran : ears

The Illunse word for ears (nominative plural) is auran. Auran is a last name. Auran is the name of a city in Norway.

Ears in Latin is auris. Ears in Old English is éaran.

That aure is ear in Interlingua, which is an international auxiliary language, might indicate that I picked a good, reasonable word for ear.

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for ear is now eure, the word for ears is eura.

Tuesday, August 24, 2010

Foot, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words + feet

The Quenya word for foot is tál and the plural feet is tálin. In an early form of Qenya (pre-Quenya) foot is tala with the dual plural (pair of feet) talwi.

The Sindarin word for foot is tâl and the plural feet is tail.

Monday, August 23, 2010

Foot, in my words + feet

pef : foot

The Illunse word for foot is pef. Pef is a rare last name. Ba-Pef was a minor underworld god in Egyptian mythology.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for foot which is pes, and the Old English word for foot which is fót.

pefi : feet

The Illunse word for feet (nominative plural) is pefi. Pefi is a unusual feminine first name.

Feet in Latin is pedis. Feet in Old English is fét. Both the plurals seem to be irregular. Where did that d come from in Latin? The vowel changes in Old English, like in Modern English (foot -> feet).

Saturday, August 21, 2010

Bible Trace, from Luke

The Bible Trace I'm featuring today is Luke Chapter 7, Verse 50. I found this information when surfing the web.

You might think that I can read the Old English version, as I play with Old English words on this blog, but unfortunately I can't. That verse is almost totally unreadable to me. I do much better with the Latin. Probably because I know some Spanish.

It seems there are minor differences in the Middle English, King James, and Modern English translations.

Despite the interesting Middle English spelling, that verse is understandable if you talk it out.

Latin, Vulgate - 405
dixit autem ad mulierem fides tua te salvam fecit vade in pace

Old English, West Saxon - 990
þa cwæþ he to þam wife: þin geleafa þe dyde hale ga nu on sybbe;

Middle English, Wycliffe - 1395
But he seide to the womman, Thi feith hath maad thee saaf; go thou in pees.

Jacobean English, King James - 1611
And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.

Basic English, Ogden - 1964
And he said to the woman, By your faith you have salvation; go in peace.

Friday, August 20, 2010

Hand, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words +hands

The Quenya word for hand is . The dual plural meaning "a pair of hands" is mát. Also, camba means "the whole hand, but as flexed, with fingers more or less closed, cupped, in the attitude of receiving or holding."

The Sindarin word for hand is cam. Also, mâb means "a hand-full, complete hand."

In addition, Tolkien has completely different words for the left hand and the right hand. I don't think I'll go there.

Thursday, August 19, 2010

Hand, in my words + hands

mand : hand

The Illunse word for hand is mand. Mand is a last name. In Danish mand means man (adult male human). In Dutch mand means basket. Mand is the name of cities in Pakistan, India, China and Hungary (also called Mánd). Mand is a style of folk music singing in Rajasthan, India. Mand is a term in psychology for a verbal operant.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for hand which is manus, and the Old English word for hand which is hand (same as Modern English).

manda : hands

The Illunse word for hands (nominative plural) is manda. Manda is a last name. Manda is a variant of the name Amanda. In Spanish and Portuguese manda means send or sends. Manda is the name of many cities including large cities in Bangladesh, India, Japan, Indonesia and Turkey.

Hands in Latin is manus (same as singular). Eyes in Old English is handa.

Wednesday, August 18, 2010

Eye, in my words (revised) + eyes

ocge : eye

The Illunse word for eye is ocge. Ocge is a rare last name. OCGE is an acronym for Ortho Cresyl Glycidyl Ether.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for eye which is oculus, and the Old English word for eye which is éage.

In Old English cg is a valid consonant combination. Although I'm not sure if I'll pronounce it the same.

My previous Illunse word for eye was eocl.

Here's a link to Eye, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

ocgi : eyes

The Illunse word for eyes (nominative plural) is ocgi.

Eyes in Latin is oculi. Eyes in Old English is éagan. Eyes in Quenya is hendi.

Saturday, August 14, 2010

Gloria Patri, in Latin and Quenya

Glory Be to the Father, also known as Gloria Patri, is a doxology, a short hymn of praise to God in various Christian liturgies. Below is the Gloria Patri in three languages; English, Latin and Quenya.

Glory be to the Father,
and to the Son,
and to the Holy Ghost.
As it was in the beginning,
is now,
and ever shall be,
world without end.
Amen.

LATIN
Gloria Patri,
et Filio,
et Spiritui Sancto.
Sicut erat in principio,
et nunc,
et semper,
et in Sæcula sæculorum.
Amen.

QUENYA
alkar i ataren,
ar i yondon,
ar i airefesean.
tambe enge i et yestasse,
ar ná sí,
ar oio nai,
ar ter haranye i haranyion.
násie.

Friday, August 13, 2010

Finger, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words + fingers

The Quenya words for finger are leper (later sources), and lepsë (earlier sources). Fingers, the plural of leper, is leperi.

The Sindarin words for finger are lebed and leber. The words for fingers are lebid and lebir.

There are additional words, Elvish play-names, for the various fingers.

Thursday, August 12, 2010

Finger, in my words + fingers

fidig : finger

The Illunse word for finger is fidig. Fidig mac Feicca was chieftain of Connacht in the Ulster Cycle of early Irish literature.

This word is a mixture the Old English word for finger which is finger (same as Modern English), and the Latin word digitus (finger; toe).

fidigas : fingers

The Illunse word for fingers (nominative plural) is fidigas.

Fingers in Latin is digiti. Fingers in Old English is fingras.

Monday, August 09, 2010

Grove, in my words (revised) + groves

nelm : grove

The Illunse word for grove (wood, small forest) is nelm. Nelm is an uncommon last name. NELM is an acronym for The National English Literary Museum in Grahamstown, South Africa.

This word is a mixture the Latin word nemus (tract of woodland, grove, glade), and the Old English word holt (wood, forest, grove, thicket).

My previous Illunse word for grove was helt. I considered making this word nolm, which is a better mix, but that word seemed too similar to my word for hill, which is holl.

nelmas : groves

The Illunse word for groves (nominative plural) is nelmas.

Groves in Latin is nemoris. Groves in Old English is holtas.

Here's a link to Grove, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Saturday, August 07, 2010

Oh to pronounce O

In Illunse, pronounce o as in go or note or pole. This is as the Latin ō (o macron) and the Old English ó (long or accented o). But make the sound somewhat shorter, similar to how o is pronounced in Spanish.

By the way, the short or unaccented o in both Latin and Old English is pronounced similar to not or pond.

Friday, August 06, 2010

Flowers, in my words

flostan : flowers

The Illunse word for flowers is flostan.

Flowers in Latin is floris. Flowers in Old English is blóstman.

In Old English, the word for flower, blóstma, is what is called a weak masculine noun. That's getting into grammar. Weak nouns form nominative plurals with -an endings. I'm going to include this type of plural ending in Illunse.

By the way, I couldn't find Quenya or Sindarin words for milk.

Thursday, August 05, 2010

Milk, in my words

lema : milk

The Illunse word for milk is lema. Lema is a last name. Lema means motto in Spanish, Portuguese, and Catalan. Lema is the name of cities in China, Haiti, Nigeria, Burma, Spain and Mozambique.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for milk which is lac or lacte, and the Old English word for milk which is meolc.

I made the word for milk, not realizing that my previous word was silk. Rhyming words!

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for milk is now leoc.

Tuesday, August 03, 2010

Silk, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words +silken

The Quenya word for silk is samin. The adjective silken is saminda.

I couldn't find a Sindarin word for silk.

Monday, August 02, 2010

Silk, in my words

seor : silk

The Illunse word for silk is seor. Seor is a rare last name. Seor is the name of a city in Pakistan. In Hebrew (transliterated) seor is leaven, that which is used to produce fermentation in dough, such as yeast.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for silk which is seolc or seoloc, and the Latin word for silk which is sericum.

There's another Old English word for silk - síde. I'm not sure which word is more common, but seolc looks more like the Modern English word silk.