Saturday, December 31, 2011

Deer in my words (revised) + deer (plural)

derv : deer

The Illunse word for deer is derv. Derv is a rare last name. Derv is a rare first name. DERV is a UK term for diesel fuel for cars and lorries (from Diesel Engine Road Vehicle). In Breton derv means oak.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for deer which is cervus, and the Old English word for deer which is déor (wild beast (mostly in contrast to domestic animals); deer, reindeer).

My previous Illunse word for deer was derce.

dervas : deer (plural)

The Illunse word for deer (nominative plural) is dervas. Dervas is an ususual last name.

Deer (plural) in Latin is cervi. Deer (plural) in Old English is déor (plural is the same as the singular, something I've chosen not to do in Illunse).

Here's a link to Deer, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

By the way, I couldn't find a Quenya or a Sindarin word for tiger.

Friday, December 30, 2011

Tiger, in my words + tigers

tigir : tiger

The Illunse word for tiger is tigir. Tigir is a rare last name. In Old High German tigir means tiger. In Old Norse tigir means tens, as in 100 is tíu tigir or ten tens. Tigir is the name of a place in Pakistan.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for tiger which is tigris, and the Old English word for tiger which is tiger (same as modern English).

tigiras : tigers

The Illunse word for tigers (nominative plural) is tigiras. Tigiras is a computer user name.

Tigers in Latin is tigris or tigridis. Tigers in Old English is tigras.

So "lions and tigers and bears!" (oh my!), a memorable line from The Wizard of Oz, in Illunse is "leonas ed tigiras ed bursan".

Friday, December 16, 2011

Lion, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words + lions

The Quenya word for lion is . The word ravennë is she-lion. Lions, the plural, is rávi.

The Sindarin word for lion is raw. Lions, the plural, is roe. Note, this may be archaic Sindarin.

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Lion, in my words + lions

leon : lion

The Illunse word for lion is leon. Leon is a masculine first name. Leon is a last name. León is a city and province of northwestern Spain. Kings of Leon is an American rock band. In Spanish león means lion. In Interlingua and Irish leon means lion. Leon is the name of cities in Mexico, the Philippines, and Nicaragua.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for lion which is leo, and the Old English word for lion which is léo or léona.

leonas : lions

The Illunse word for lions (nominative plural) is leonas. Leonas is an uncommon last name. Leona's restaurants in Chicago area. In Spanish Las Leonas, the nickname of the Argentina women's field hockey team, means The Lionesses.

Lions in Latin is leonis. Lions in Old English is léon or léonan.

Saturday, December 10, 2011

Bear, in my words (revised) + bears

bursa : bear

The Illunse word for bear is bursa. Bursa is a last name. In medieval Latin bursa means purse, funds. Bursa is a city in northwestern Turkey.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for bear which is ursus, and the Old English word for bear which is bera.

My previous Illunse word for bear was bersu.

bursan : bears

The Illunse word for bears (nominative plural) is bursan. Bursan is an uncommon last name. Bursan is the name of a place in Ireland.

Bears in Latin is ursi. Bears in Old English is beran.

Here's a link to Bears, in Tolkien's words.

Wednesday, December 07, 2011

Rats, in my words

rata : rats

The Illunse word for rats (nominative plural) is rata. Rata is a last name. Rata means rat (singular) in Catalan, Galician and Spanish. In Finnish rata means track, line. Rata means installment in Italian, Polish and Serbo-Croatian. In Maori rata means tame, quiet. Rata is the name of places in Indonesia, Pakistan, Romania, Soloman Islands, Vanuatu, New Zealand and Peru.

Rats in Latin is rati. Rats in Old English is rætas.

Rat in Illunse is ratu, which is a mix of the Latin word (ratus) and the Old English word (ræt).

If you haven't already noticed, my Illunse nominative case plurals are a bit complicated. I use guidelines that take into account the grammatical gender of the Latin and Old English words.

Here's a link to Rat, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Tuesday, December 06, 2011

Spiders, in my words

acreopan : spiders

The Illunse word for spiders (nominative plural) is acreopan. Acreopan is similar to two words in some real estate ads, acre + open.

Spiders in Latin is aranei or araneae. Spiders in Old English is átorcoppan.

Spider in Illunse is acreopa, which is a mix of the Latin word (araneus or aranea) and the Old English word (átorcoppe).

Here's a link to Spider, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Monday, December 05, 2011

Snakes, in my words

snedra : snakes

The Illunse word for snakes (nominative plural) is snedra. Snedra is a rare term, various computer user names.

Snakes in Latin is serpentis. Snakes in Old English is nǽdran.

Snake in Illunse is snedre, which is a mix of the Latin word (serpens) and Old English word (nǽdre). There are other words for snake in both Latin and Old English.

Here's a link to Snake, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Sunday, December 04, 2011

Sheep (plural), in my words

scovan : sheep (plural)

The Illunse word for sheep (nominative plural) is scovan. Scovan is a rare last name.

Sheep (plural and also singular) in Latin is ovis. Sheep (plural and also singular) in Old English is scéap. Maybe this is why in Modern English you have one sheep and two or more sheep, instead of the plural being sheeps. In Illunse I'd like the singular and plural to be different.

Here's a link to Sheep, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Saturday, November 26, 2011

Goats, in my words

gapran : goats

The Illunse word for goats (nominative plural) is gapran. Gapran is an unusual last name.

She-goats (or nanny-goats) in Latin is caprae. He-goats (or billy-goats) in Latin is capri. She-goats in Old English is gæt. He-goats in Old English is gátbuccan.

My Illunse word for goats is a all-purpose term for more than one goat. If I find the need for separate words for he-goat and she-goat, I'll figure it out.

Goat in Illunse is gapre, which is a mix of the Latin words (capra/caper) and Old English words (gát/gátbucca).

Here's a link to She-goat, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Friday, November 25, 2011

Foxes, in my words

fospa : foxes

The Illunse word for foxes (nominative plural) is fospa. FOSPA is an acronym for a several associations.

Foxes in Latin is vulpis. Foxes in Old English is foxas. Although both plurals end in -s, I decided to do something different for Illunse. My rationale is geeky, so I'll just say I'm doing this for esthetic reasons.

Fox in Illunse is fospe, which is a mix of the Latin word (vulpes) and Old English word (fox).

Here's a link to Fox, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Monday, November 21, 2011

Pigs, in my words

sircu : pigs

The Illunse word for pigs (nominative plural) is sircu. Sircu is a rare last name. In the Star Wars universe, Sai Sircu was a member of the Nightsisters of Dathomir during the time of the Clone Wars.

Pigs in Latin is porci. Pigs in Old English is swín (same as the singular). Neither of these words contain a u, but I need more flexibility when making plurals. You could say that I'm borrowing a u from the Latin word for pig, porcus. Many of the plurals I've posted lately have ended in -as, but there are other types.

Pig in Illunse is sirc, which is a mix of the Latin word (porcus) and Old English word (swín).

Here's a link to Pig, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Sunday, November 20, 2011

Horse, in my words (revised) + horses

hrus : horse

The Illunse word for horse is hrus. Hrus is an unusual last name. In Mount&Blade PC game there's a Hrus castle.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for horse which is hors and the Latin word for horse which is equus (which I transliterate to ecwuus).

My previous Illunse word for horse was orwes. I liked that word, but I decided to change it because I didn't like my options for the nominative plural.

hrusas : horses

The Illunse word for horses (nominative plural) is hrusas. Hrusas is a rare last name.

Horses in Latin is equi. Horses in Old English is hors (same as the singular).

Here's a link to Horse, in Tolkien's words.

Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Mice, in my words

musas : mice

The Illunse word for mice (nominative plural) is musas. Musas is a rare last name. In Spanish and Portuguese Musas means Muses, the goddesses who inspire the creation of literature and the arts.

Mice in Latin is muris. Mice in Old English is mýs.

Mouse in Illunse is mus, which is a mix of the Latin word (mus) and Old English word (mús). The Latin and Old English words are basically the same.

By the way, I couldn't find a Quenya or a Sindarin word for mouse.

Friday, November 11, 2011

Arrow, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for arrow is pilin.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for arrow.

Thursday, November 10, 2011

Arrow, in my word + arrows

flita : arrow

The Illunse word for arrow is flita. Flita is a unusual feminine name meaning swift. Flita is a rare last name. In Swedish flita means labor, strive, work hard. In Old English similar word flit means strife, dispute, contention. Douar Flita is a place in Alergia.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for arrow sagitta, and the Old English word for arrow flá (arrow, dart).

Another word for arrow in Old English is arwe or arewe, but it seems less common.

flitae : arrows

The Illunse word for arrows (nominative plural) is flitae. Flitae is a very rare last name.

Arrows in Latin is sagittae. Arrows in Old English is flán.

Saturday, November 05, 2011

Sword, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for sword are macil (sword), lango (broad sword), falquan (large sword), and ecet (short broad-bladed sword).

The Sindarin words for sword are magol or megil (sword), and crist (cleaver, sword).

Friday, November 04, 2011

Sword, in my words + swords

slade : sword

The Illunse word for sword is slade. Slade is a last name. Slade comes from the Old English term slæd which means valley, wooded glade. Slade is an unusual masculine first name. Slade are an English glam rock band most popular in the early 1970s. Slade is the name of places in Ireland, Kentucky and Florida.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for sword gladius, and the Old English word for sword sweord.

sladi : swords

The Illunse word for swords (nominative plural) is sladi. Sladi is an unusual last name. Sladi is the name of place in Indonesia. In Serbo-Croation similar word slàdić means licorice. In the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game, similarly named slaadi are a fictional humanoid race that resembles giant toads.

Swords in Latin is gladii. Swords in Old English is sweord (same as the singular).

Saturday, October 29, 2011

Knife, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for knife is sicil (knife, dagger).

The Sindarin word for knife is sigil (knife, dagger).

For knife, the Quenya (High-elven) and Sindarin (Grey-elven) words are unusually similar.

Friday, October 28, 2011

Knife, in my words + knives

scelt : knife

The Illunse word for knife is scelt. Scelt is a rare last name. In Anne Bishop's Black Jewels series, Scelt is a place in Kaeleer. In Italian similar word scelte means choices.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for knife culter (knife; weapon / sacrificial / hunt) and the Old English word for knife seax (knife, instrument for cutting).

sceltas : knives

The Illunse word for knives (nominative plural) is sceltas. Sceltas LLC is a home builder and renovation company in South Carolina.

Knives in Latin is cultri. Knives in Old English is seax (same as the singular).

I considered making knives be scelti, but that didn't fit with my plural schemes.

Monday, October 24, 2011

Fish (plural), in my words

piscas : fish

The Illunse word for fish (nominative plural) is piscas. Piscas means flashers, as in flashing lights, in Portuguese.

Fish (plural) in Latin is piscis. Fish (plural) in Old English is fiscas.

Fish (singular) in Illunse is pisc, which is a mix of the Latin word (piscis) and Old English word (fisc).

I think this Illunse word is somewhat guessable. In astrology, Pisces, is the sign of the fish.

Here's a link to my previous post, Fish, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Thursday, October 20, 2011

Dog, in my words (revised) + dogs

cund : dog

The Illunse word for dog is cund. Cund is an uncommon last name. In Old English the suffix -cund denotes origin, derivation or likeness. For example, the Old English word godcund means "divine, god-like". Cund is the name of a place and a stream in Romania.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for dog, canis, and the Old English word for dog, hund.

My previous Illunse word for dog was canud. That word seemed too like Latin. In addition, I didn't like my options for the plural.

cundas : dogs

The Illunse word for dogs (nominative plural) is cundas. Cundas is a rare last name.

Dogs in Latin is canis (same as the singular). Dogs in Old English is hundas.

Here's a link to Dog, in Tolkien's words.

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Cat, in my words (revised) + cats

felc : cat

The Illunse word for cat is felc. Felc is a rare last name. Similar Felk is an uncommon last name.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for cat feles and the Old English word for cat which is catt.

Another word for cat in Latin is catus.

My previous Illunse word for cat was felca. I'm dropping the final A. The A reappears in the plural.

felcas : cats

The Illunse word for cats (nominative plural) is felcas. Felcas Health Center of Miami, Florida.

Cats in Latin is felis. Cats in Old English is cattas.

Here's a link to Cat, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words. I couldn't find a Sindarin word for cat, and the Quenya words are unusual.

Saturday, October 15, 2011

Black, in my words (revised)

nabel : black

The Illunse word for the color black is nabel. Nabel is a last name. Nabel is an unusual masculine first name. In German nabel means navel.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for black (black, dark-colored, blackening) which is niger, and the Old English word for black (black, dark; ink) which is blæc (blaec), which is close to the Modern English word black.

My previous Illunse word for black was nelc. I decided to redo this word to use the B, the B is as in black. Also, in yesterday's post, I redid my Illunse word for white not to use B.

Here's a link to Black, in Tolkien's words.

Friday, October 14, 2011

White, in my words (revised)

alith : white

The Illunse word for the color white is alith. Alith Anar, or the Shadow King, is a High Elf character in Warhammer Online. Alith Legion in Aion Fantasy online. Alith is a rare feminine first name.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for white which is albus, and the Old English word for white which is hwit.

My previous word for white was abith. This is a minor change, a small tweak.

Here's a link to White, in J.R.R Tolkien's words.

Sunday, October 09, 2011

Nail, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for nail are taxë and nyelet (fingernail).

The Sindarin word for nail is taes.

The English word nail has several meanings, as seen in my previous posts.

Saturday, October 08, 2011

Nail (peg), in my words + nails

cagl : nail

The Illunse word for nail (nail, peg) is cagl. Cagl is a rare last name. In Welsh cagl means clotted dirt.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for nail nægl or nægel (nail, peg), and the Latin word for nail clavus (nail, spike, rivet).

caglas : nails

The Illunse word for nails (nails, pegs) is caglas. Caglas is a rare last name.

Nails in Latin is clavi. Nails in Old English is næglas.

Friday, October 07, 2011

Nail (claw), in my words + nails

naug : nail

The Illunse word for nail (fingernail, toenail, claw) is naeg. Naug is a unusual last name. Naugatuck Railroad (reporting mark NAUG) in Connecticut.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for nail nægl or nægel (fingernail, toenail; nail, peg), and the Latin word for nail unguis (nail, claw, talon).

naugas : nails

The Illunse word for nails (fingernails, toenails, claws) is naugas. Naugas are fictional creatures which a 1960s and 1970s marketing campaign humorously asserted were the source of Naugahyde, a brand of artificial leather.

Nails in Latin is unguis (same as singular). Nails in Old English is næglas.

Monday, October 03, 2011

Wolves, in my words

lupwa : wolves

The Illunse word for wolves (nominative plural) is lupwa. Vima Lupwa Homes is a non-profit organization working in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Wolves in Latin is lupi. Wolves in Old English is wulfas. My plural ending doesn't follow the example of either language, for reasons which are to geeky to explain here.

Wolf (singular) in Illunse is lupwu, which is a mix of the Latin word (lupus) and Old English word (wulf).

Here's a link to Wolf, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words which includes words for werewolf.

Saturday, October 01, 2011

Gravel, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

I didn't find a Quenya word for gravel.

The Sindarin word for gravel is brith.

Actually, I was surprised to find that there was a word for gravel in Sindarin. I thought this might be one of those word not found in Tolkien's Elvish languages.

Friday, September 30, 2011

Gravel, in my words + gravels

garel : gravel

The Illunse word for gravel (rock fragments and pebbles) is garel. Garel is a last name. Garel is a masculine first name, name of an Arthurian knight. Garel is the name of places in France and Guadeloupe.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for gravel ceosel (gravel, sand) and the Latin word for gravel glarea.

garelas : gravels

The Illunse word for gravels is garelas. Garelas is an unusual last name.

Gravels in Latin is glareae. Gravels in Old English is ceoslas.

I'm not sure about how often the term gravels will be used, but I made the nominative plural anyway.

Saturday, September 24, 2011

Shoe, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for shoe is hyapat.

The Sindarin word for shoe is habad.

Friday, September 23, 2011

Shoe, in my words + shoes

roman shoesscalh : shoe

The Illunse word for shoe is scalh. Scalh is a rare last name. In Old High German scalh means servant.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for shoe scóh and the Latin word for shoe calceus (shoe; soft shoe, slipper). There are other words for shoe, but these both seem common.

scalhas : shoes

The Illunse word for shoes is scalhas. Scalhas is a rare last name.

Shoes in Latin is calcei. Shoes in Old English is scós.

The drawings of Roman shoes comes from a Latin textbook I have, Latin for Today by Gray and Jenkins (1928). Click on the image to see it bigger and more detailed.

Saturday, September 17, 2011

Or, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for or is var.

The Sindarin word for or is egor.

Friday, September 16, 2011

Or, in my words

ath : or

The Illunse word for or is ath. Ath is an uncommon last name. In Scottish Gaelic ath- means the prefix re-, which means again or renew. Ath is a fictional alphabet created for the Crest of the Stars novels by Morioka Hiroyuki. Ath is the name of a city in Belgium.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for or oþþe or oððe(which I transliterate to oththe) (or; either...or), and the Latin word for or aut (nor, or rather/else; either...or).

Saturday, September 10, 2011

Nothing, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for the pronoun nothing is munta.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for nothing.

I'm trying to make posts to this blog regularly on Friday and Saturday, and other posts when I can. My other constructed language blog, Fennas, is updated on Sundays.

Friday, September 09, 2011

Nothing, in my words

nahit : nothing

The Illunse word for nothing is nahit. Nahit is a rare masculine first name. NAHIT was the acronym for the former National Alliance for Health Information Technology. Nahit is a Jewish salad or appetizer made with chickpeas. Nahit is the name of a city in Burma.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for nothing náwiht(nothing, naught, a thing of no value, an evil thing), and the Latin word for nothing nihil (nothing; no; trifle or thing not worth mentioning; nonentity; nonsense; no concern).

The Old English word, náwiht, may or may not be the best word for nothing. Other similar words are náht and náþing.

Saturday, September 03, 2011

All, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for all is ilya (all, the whole; each, every, all of a particular group of things). Note that ilya becomes ilyë before a plural noun. For example, ilyë tier means "all paths".

The Sindarin word for all is pân (all, in totality).

Friday, September 02, 2011

All, in my words

omal : all

The Illunse word for all is omal.  The Omal is a relaxed Greek dance which is danced hand by hand.  Omal is an uncommon last name.  Omal is the name of a place in Belgium.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for all eall  (all, every, entire, whole, universal), and the Latin word for all omnis (all; the whole of; each, every, every one (of a number)).

Wednesday, August 31, 2011

After, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for after is apa, which is attested as a prefix.

The Sindarin prefix of ab- means after, later.

Monday, August 29, 2011

After, in my words

paeft : after

The Illunse word for after is paeft. Similar Paeff is an unusual last name. Similar Old English word pæð (which I transliterate to paeth) means path, track.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for after æfter (after, along, behind; throughout, during; following, in consequence of) and the Latin word for after post (behind in space, after in time; subordinate in rank).

Sunday, August 21, 2011

Before, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for "before" seems to be epë (before, of spatial relationships). But it can mean "after" when used of time, since the Eldar imagined future time (time that comes after the present) as being "before" them.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for the preposition before.

Saturday, August 20, 2011

Before, in my words

anbor : before

The Illunse word for before is anbor. Anbor is a rare last name. Anbor is small island in the Marshall Islands.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for before beforan (before; in front of, in the presence of; prior to, sooner than) and the Latin word for before ante (in front/presence of, in view; before in space/time/degree; over against, facing).

Another Old English word that can mean the preposition before is tóforan ((time and place) before; (superiority) above, over, beyond).

Friday, August 19, 2011

Faith, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

I found these words that are close in meaning to faith.

The Quenya word for faithful is voronda (steadfast in allegiance, in keeping oath or promise, faithful).

There are two Sindarin words can mean faith: estel (hope, trust, faith) and bronwe (endurance, lasting quality, faith).

Thursday, August 18, 2011

Faith, in my words + faiths

feade : faith

The Illunse word for faith is feade. Feade is a rare last name. Feade is the name of a gaming character.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for faith geleáfa (belief, faith, confidence, trust) (or léafa (belief, faith)); and the Latin word for faith fides (faith, loyalty; honesty; credit; confidence, trust, belief).

feadi : faiths

The Illunse word for faiths is feadi. feadi.com is a web site promotion site.

Faiths in Latin is fidei. Faiths in Old English is geleáfan (or leáfan).

Monday, August 15, 2011

Here, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for here are sís and sissë.

The Sindarin word for here is .

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Here, in my words

hir : here

The Illunse word for here is hir. Hir is a gender-neutral pronoun. Hir is an unusual last name. In Welsh and Breton hir means long. Hir is the name of cities in India, Pakistan and Iran.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for here hér (here, in this place; in this world; at this point of time) and the Latin word for here hic (here, in this place; in the present circumstances).

Saturday, August 13, 2011

Near, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for near are har and harë. Originally, Tolkien glossed na as "at, by, near".

In Sindarin the preposition na means "with, by; to, towards, at".

Sorry for the lack of recent updates. I've been away. In the summer, I usually getaway from Denver for a while and go up in the mountains.

Wednesday, August 03, 2011

Near, in my words

narp : near

The Illunse word for near is narp. Narp is an unusual last name. NARP is an acronym for National Association of Railroad Passengers. Narp is the name of cities in Germany, France and Iran.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for near néah (near, nigh, close) and the Latin word for near prope.

Sunday, July 31, 2011

Far, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for far (remote) are haira, eccaira, and avahaira. Words for far away are vahaia and háya (also haiya). The prefix palen- means far, distant, wide, to a great extent, over a wide space, to a distance.

The Sindarin words for far (remote, distant) are hae and haeron. The prefix palen- means afar, abroad, far and wide.

Thursday, July 28, 2011

Far, in my words

fron : far

The Illunse word for far (distant) is fron. Fron is a last name. Nord-Fron and Sør-Fron are towns in Norway.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for far feorr (or feor) and the Latin word for far longe.

Sunday, July 24, 2011

Boat, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for boat are luntë and venë (small boat, vessel, dish).

The Sindarin word for boat is lunt.

Thursday, July 14, 2011

Boat, in my words + boats

bant : boat

The Illunse word for boat is bant. Bant is a last name. Bant means tape, band in Turkish. Bant is the name of a city in the Netherlands.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for boat bát (boat, ship, vessel) and the Latin word for boat linter (boat, skiff, small light boat; trough, vat).

bantas : boats

The Illunse word for boats is bantas. Bantas is an unusual last name. Bantas means slimmed in Swedish.

Boats in Latin is lintris. Boats in Old English is bátas.

Tuesday, July 12, 2011

Ship, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for ship is cirya (sharp-prowed ship).

The Sindarin word for ship is cair.

Monday, July 11, 2011

Ship, in my words + ships

nasc : ship

The Illunse word for ship is nasc. In Irish nasc means link, bind, connect. (Note: I'll have another word for boat)

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for ship scip and the Latin word for ship navis.

nascu : ships

The Illunse word for ships is nascu. Nascu is a rare last name.

Ships in Latin is navis (same as the singular). Ships in Old English is scipu.

This is a new word.

Tuesday, July 05, 2011

Fourth, in my words (revised)

cearta : fourth

The Illunse word for fourth is cearta. In Irish cearta means rights (law). Cearta is a rare last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for fourth féorða (fourth, as an ordinal) which I transliterate to feortha, and the Latin word for fourth quartus (fourth (in a series); 4th part), which I transliterate to cwuartus.

My previous Illunse word for fourth was ceurta. I tweaked this word because I changed the word for four.

Here's a link to fourth in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Sorry about all the number revisions, but on second look I'm seeing ways I'd rather construct these words.

Sunday, July 03, 2011

Seventeen, in my words

setondice : seventeen

The Illunse word for seventeen is setondice.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for seventeen which is septendecim, and the Old English word for seventeen which is seofontíene.

My previous Illunse word for seventeen was seftondice.

Saturday, July 02, 2011

Seven, in my words (revised)

seton : seven

The Illunse word for seven is seton. Seton can be a last name. Seton is a last name. Seton Hall University is in New Jersey. Seton Village is the name of cities in Antigua & Barbuda and New Mexico. Seton Portage and Seton Lake are in British Columbia.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for seven which is seofon, and the Latin word for seven which is septem.

My previous Illunse word for seven was sefton, but before that it was seton. Since I'm using an f in the word for four now, I decided to go back to seton.

Here's a link to Seven, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Thursday, June 30, 2011

Fourteen, in my words (revised)

ceafordice : fourteen

The Illunse word for fourteen is ceafordice. Ceafordice is an unique word.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for fourteen which is quattuordecim, and the Old English word for fourteen which is féowertíene.

I have a 10-letter word for fourteen. That's rather lengthy. But it's shorter than the Latin and the Old English words.

Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Four, in my words (revised)

ceafor : four

The Illunse word for four is ceafor. Ceafor is a unusual British masculine first name. In Old English ceafor means beetle, cockchafer.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for four féower and the Latin word for four quattuor. The c comes from transliterating the Latin q to cw.

My previous Illunse word for four was ceuwor. I think my new word, ceafor, is easier to pronounce.

Here's a link to my post for Four, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Fifteen, in my words (revised)

fuindice : fifteen

The Illunse word for fifteen is fuindice.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for fifteen which is quindecim, and the Old English word for fifteen which is fíftíene.

This is a small change, due to the change of my word for five.

Saturday, June 25, 2011

Five, in my words (revised)

fuin : five

The Illunse word for five is fuin. Fuin is an uncommon last name. In Irish and Scottish Gaelic fuin means to knead. In Sindarin fuin means night, darkness. Fuin is the name of a city in East Timor.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for five fíf and the Latin word for five quinque.

I found out that UI is a valid vowel combination in Latin.

My previous Illunse word for five was finec.

Friday, June 24, 2011

Twelve, in my words (revised)

weodice : twelve

The Illunse word for twelve is weodice.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for twelve which is duodecim, and the Old English word for twelve which is twelf.

My Illunse word for twelve was previously teodice.

Here's a link to my earlier post for Twelve, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

I had to change twelve because I changed two. Looks like I'll be doing more number revisions.

Thursday, June 23, 2011

Two, in my words (revised)

weo : two

The Illunse word for two is weo. WEO is an acronym for World Economic Outlook. Weo is a rare last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for two twégen and the Latin word for two duo.

My previous Illunse word for two was teo.

Here's a link to Two, in Tolkien's words.

Tuesday, June 21, 2011

Sixteen, in my words (revised)

sescdice : sixteen

The Illunse word for sixteen is sescdice.

This word is a mixture of the Latin word for sixteen which is sedecim, and the Old English word for sixteen which is siextíene.

My previous Illunse word for sixteen was sisdice. I changed the word for six, so I am also changing sixteen.

Hopefully this is the start of me posting more often again.

Saturday, June 11, 2011

Six, in my words (again)

sesc : six

The Illunse word for six is sesc. Sesc is an acronym for Southeast Education Service Center of Price, Utah.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for six which is siex and the Latin word for six which is sex.

My previous Illunse word for six was sise. In that word, and in this new one, I transliterate the letter X into C and S.

Sorry for the lack of updates. I've been busy. But now I got my desktop computer back from repairs, finally.

Monday, May 30, 2011

And, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for and is ar. An alternative, occasional, longer form is arë.

The Sindarin word for and is a. Before a vowel this conjunction might take the form of ah (and, with).

Sunday, May 29, 2011

And, in my words

ed : and

The Illunse word for and (conjunction) is ed. Ed is a masculine first name, short for Edward, Edgar, Edwin or Edmund. Ed is a last name. In Danish, Norwegian and Swedish ed means oath. In Italian ed means and (used before a vowel instead of e). Ed is the name of cities in Germany, Sweden and Austria. In English ed can be short for edition, editor or education.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for and which is and (same as Modern English), and the Latin word for and which is et (and, and even; also, even).

Making a small, but very common, word.

Saturday, May 28, 2011

If, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for if is qui.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for if.

Monday, May 23, 2011

If, in my words

sif : if

The Illunse word for if (conjunction) is sif. In Norse mythology Sif is a goddess, the wife of Thor. Sif is an uncommon feminine first name. Sif is an unusual last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for if which is gif (if; provided that, whether, though), and the Latin word for if which is si (if, if only, provided that, whether).

My main computer is still in the shop. The initial news is not good.

Sunday, May 15, 2011

Ash, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words + ashen

I didn't find a Quenya word for ash.

The Sindarin word for ash is lith (ash, sand, dust). Similar word lithui means ashen, ashy, of ash, ash-colored, dusty.

Friday, May 13, 2011

Ash, in my words + ashes

acis : ash

The Illunse word for ash (residue that remains when something is burned) is acis. Acis is an unusual last name. The tale of Acis and Galatea in Greek mythology.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for ash which is asce ((burnt) ash; dust (of the ground)), and the Latin word for ash which is cinis (ashes; embers, spent love/hate; ruin, destruction).

acisan : ashes

The Illunse word for ashes is acisan.

Ashes in Latin is cineris. Ashes in Old English is ascan.

Friday, May 06, 2011

Meadow, in my word + meadows

prade : meadow

The Illunse word for meadow (pasture) is prade. Prade is a last name. Prade is the name of small cities in France and Italy. In Sardinian prade means abbot. Similar La Prade is city in the Aquitaine region of France.

This word is a mixture the Latin word pratum (meadow, meadowland; meadow grass/crop), and the Old English word mæd (mead, meadow, pasture), which I transliterate to maed.

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for meadow is now preda.

pradi : meadows

The Illunse word for meadows (pastures) is pradi. Pradi is an uncommon last name.

Meadows in Latin is prati. Meadows in Old English is mæd (same as the singular).

I've changed this word. My Illunse word for meadows is now predu.

There doesn't appear to be any Quenya or Sindarin words for meadow.

Tuesday, May 03, 2011

Bright, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for bright is calima.

The Sindarin word for bright is glân (bright, shining white).

Sunday, May 01, 2011

Bright, in my words

luciht : bright

The Illunse word for bright is luciht. Luciht is similar to Lucite which is a brand of transparent plastic sometimes called acrylic glass. Luciht is also similar to Lucifer which means "light-bearer".

This word is a mixture of the Old English word beorht (bright, shining, brilliant, light, clear), and the Latin word lucidus (bright, full of light, shining, clear).

In Illunse bright star would be luciht strela.

Friday, April 22, 2011

Fifth, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for fifth is lempëa (fifth, ordinal).

The Sindarin word for fifth (adj. num. ord.) is lefnui.

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Fifth, in my words

finta : fifth

The Illunse word for fifth is finta. Finta is an uncommon last name. Finta is a Brazilian sportswear brand. In Italian, Portuguese and Spanish finta means feint. In Old English finta means "tail; consequence, result". Finta (or Finta Mare) is the name of a city in Romania.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for fifth fífta (fifth, as an ordinal), and the Latin word for fifth quintus (fifth (in a series); 5th part), which I transliterate to cwintus.

My Illunse word for five is finec.

Monday, April 18, 2011

Fourth, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for fourth is cantëa (fourth, ordinal).

The Sindarin word for fourth (adj. num. ord.) is canthui.

Friday, April 15, 2011

Fourth, in my words

ceurta : fourth

The Illunse word for fourth is ceurta. Similarly named Ceuta is an autonomous city of Spain and exclave located on the north coast of Africa surrounded by Morocco.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for fourth féorða (fourth, as an ordinal) which I transliterate to feortha, and the Latin word for fourth quartus (fourth (in a series); 4th part), which I transliterate to cwuartus.

Originally I was just going to do words for first, second and third. But I've worked out the words for more ordinal numbers. Tolkien did ordinals too.

I've changed this word, because I changed four from ceuwor to ceafor. My Illunse word for fourth is now cearta.

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Third, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for third are neldëa (third, ordinal) and nelya (third).

The Sindarin words for third (adj. num. ord.) are nail and nelui.

Monday, April 11, 2011

Third, in my words

tirda : third

The Illunse word for third is tirda. Tirda is an unusual last name that can be Romanian. TIRDA is an acronym for Temporal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity, which is an EEG (Electroencephalography) pattern.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for third þridda (third, as an ordinal) which I transliterate to thridda, and the Latin word for third tertius (third (in a series); 3rd part).

Saturday, April 09, 2011

Second, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for second is attëa (second, ordinal), replacing the archaic form tatya.

The Sindarin words for second are edwen (second, ordinal) and tadui (second, ordinal). The word taid means "second in command, supporting".

Thursday, April 07, 2011

Second, in my words

stend : second

The Illunse word for second is stend. Stend is an uncommon last name. Stend means stand in Icelandic. Stend is the name of a city in Norway.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for second óðer (one of two; second; other; something else, alternate, next) which I transliterate to other, and the Latin word for second secundus (next, following; second; secondary / inferior; subordinate).

My word looks more like, and takes more letters from the Latin word.

Monday, April 04, 2011

First, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for first are minya (first; eminent, prominent) and esta or yesta (first).

The Sindarin words for first are minui (first, proper ordinal in Sindarin), and erui (single, alone; first (incorrect use by the Gondorians)).

Sunday, April 03, 2011

First, in my words

pryst : first

The Illunse word for first is pryst. Pryst is an unusual last name. In Bulgarian (transliterated) pryst means finger.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for first fyrst (first; foremost, principal, chief), and the Latin word for first primus (first, foremost / best, chief, principal; nearest / next).

Note there is an another Old English word for first, forma (the first, earliest).

Saturday, April 02, 2011

A Latin phrase

Here's a Latin phrase. I haven't posted a Latin proverb or phrase recently.

Latin phrase : Aut inveniam viam aut faciam

English translation : "I shall either find a way or make one"

According to Wikipedia: The phrase has been attributed to Hannibal; when his generals told him it was impossible to cross the Alps by elephant, this was supposedly his response. However, Hannibal would have spoken in Punic, not Latin.

The Punic language or Carthagian language is an extinct variety of the Phoenician language.

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Bottle, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for bottle is olpë.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for bottle.

Monday, March 28, 2011

Bottle, in my words + bottles

butla : bottle

The Illunse word for bottle is butla. In Polish butla means cylinder, tank, large bottle. Butla is a rare last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for bottle bytt (bottle, flagon, cask), and the Latin word for bottle which is ampulla (bottle, jar, flask for holding liquids).

I made my Illunse word close to the Modern English word bottle, and I did it fairly, using only the letters I had available. A valid mix of Old English and Latin.

I like that this word is close to the word bulter. The butler in a large household is the servant in charge of the dining room, wine cellar, and pantry. The butler handles the bottled beverages.

butlae : bottles

The Illunse word for bottles (nominative plural) is butlae.

Bottles in Latin is ampullae. Bottles in Old English is bytta.

Friday, March 25, 2011

Vial, in my words + vials

amell : vial

The Illunse word for vial (small bottle) is amell. Amell is a last name. Amell is an uncommon first name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for bottle ampelle or ampella (flask, bottle, vial, flagon, vessel), and the Latin word for bottle which is ampulla (bottle, jar, flask for holding liquids). Roman ampulla were generally small, so making this word vial makes some sense.

In Old English the similar word amel means a sacred vessel, vessel for holy water. In Modern English ampule is a small bottle that contains a drug.

amella : vials

The Illunse word for vials (nominative plural) is amella. Amella is an uncommon last name. Amella brand caramels.

Bottles in Latin is ampullae. Bottles in Old English is ampellan.

Again the Old English word is derived from the Latin word. I dropped the letter P from the mix to make my word somewhat different. I'll try to use that P when I come up with a word for bottle.

I didn't find Quenya or Sindarin words for vial. That was no big surprise.

Tuesday, March 22, 2011

Chest, in my words + chests

cist : chest

The Illunse word for chest (box with a lid) is cist. Cist is an uncommon last name. Cist means chest in Welsh.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for chest which is cist (or cyst) (chest, casket; coffin; rush basket), and the Latin word for chest which is cista (chest / box, usually made of wicker; box for sacred ceremonial objects; ballot box).

cista : chests

The Illunse word for chests (nominative plural) is cista. Cista is a unusual last name. Cista (or Čista) is the name of cities in Serbia and Croatia. Cista (or Čistá) is the name of cities in the Czech Republic. Cista means cyst in Serbo-Croatian.

Chests in Latin is cistae. Chests in Old English is cista.

My Illunse words for chest and chests are the same as Old English, and my word for chests is the Latin word for chest. I decided against mixing up the letters. The Old English word was derived from Latin, and the Latin word came from Greek.

I didn't find Quenya or Sindarin words for chest.

Monday, March 21, 2011

Box, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for box is colca.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for box.

Sunday, March 20, 2011

Box, in my words + boxes

borc : box

The Illunse word for box is borc. Borc is an unusual last name. In Old French borc means town or city.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for box box (box, case, especially one made of box-wood), and the Latin word for box arca (box, chest; strong-box, coffer).

borcas : boxes

The Illunse word for boxes (nominative plural) is borcas. Borcas is an unusual last name.

Boxes in Latin is arcae. Boxes in Old English is boxas.

Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Goblet, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for goblet is súlo.

The Sindarin word for goblet is sûl. This word also means wind in Sindarin.

Monday, March 14, 2011

Goblet, in my words + goblets

calis : goblet

The Illunse word for goblet (or chalice) is calis. Calis is a last name. Calis is a rare masculine first name. Calis (or Çalış) is the name of cities in Turkey. Calis is a town in West Virginia.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for goblet calic (chalice, cup, goblet) and the Latin word for goblet calix (cup, goblet, a vessel for drinking; chalice). The Old English word is derived from the Latin word. I get an S by transliterating the X in the Latin word to CS.

calisas : goblets

The Illunse word for goblets (or chalices) (nominative plural) is calisas. Calisas is a rare last name.

Goblets in Latin is calicis. Goblets in Old English is calicas.

Sunday, March 13, 2011

Bible trace, from Luke

I haven't done a Bible trace in a while. Listed below are versions of Luke Chapter 8, Verse 23 from various Bibles over the years.

I find the Latin and Old English versions to be almost unreadable, although there are several words I know or can guess. Such as I knew that the Latin word procella means storm, and the Old English word yst means storm.

I can read the Middle English version surprisingly well, despite the funky spelling.

Latin, Vulgate - 405
navigantibus autem illis obdormiit et descendit procella venti in stagnum et conplebantur et periclitabantur

English, Old, West Saxon - 990
þa hig reowun. þa slep he; þa com windi yst and hig forhtodon;

Middle English, Wycliffe - 1395
And while thei rowiden, he slepte. And a tempest of wynde cam doun in to the watir, and thei weren dryuun hidur and thidur with wawis, and weren in perel.

Renaissance English, Tyndale - 1526
And as they sayled he fell a slepe and there arose a storme of wynde in ye lake and they were fylled with water and were in ieopardy.

Jacobean English, King James - 1611
But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy.

Basic English, Ogden - 1964
But while they were sailing he went to sleep: and a storm of wind came down on the sea, and the boat became full of water and they were in danger.

Sunday, March 06, 2011

Cup, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words + cups

The Quenya word for cup is yulma (cup, drinking-vessel). The word for the plural cups is yulmar.

I didn't find a Sindarin word for cup. Although I found that the word ylf means drinking-vessel.

Saturday, March 05, 2011

Cup, in my words + cups

cupoc : cup

The Illunse word for cup is cupoc.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for cup which is cuppe (cup, a small drinking vessel) and the Latin word for cup poculum (cup, bowl, drinking vessel; drink / draught).

cupocan : cups

The Illunse word for cups (nominative plural) is cupocan.

Cups in Latin is poculi. Cups in Old English is cuppan.

There will also be an Illunse word for goblet or chalice.

Monday, February 28, 2011

Full, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for full is quanta.

The Sindarin word for full is pant (full, complete, whole).

Sunday, February 27, 2011

Full, in my words

plell : full

The Illunse word for full is plell. Plell is a unusual last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word full (full, filled, complete, entire), and the Latin word plenus (full, plump; satisfied).

Saturday, February 19, 2011

Song lyrics from The Auteurs

I haven't posted anything other than words for a while. How about some song lyrics?

Below are the lyrics from the song Showgirl by The Auteurs. The song was written by is sung by guitarist Luke Haines. It was The Auteurs' first single in 1992. In my opinion, it's an awesome song, interesting both musically and lyrically.

SHOWGIRL
I took a showgirl for my bride
Thought my life would be right
Took her bowling got her high
Got myself a showgirl bride
Took a job on the side
in a health shop keeps me well
Got my mantra for life
Got my karma and a showgirl bride

All my life
All her life
All our life
I married a showgirl that's for life
I married a showgirl that's for life

She can't work in the wintertime
And I can't work anytime now
Go to libraries all the while
Looking for a notice
Bide my time

All my life
All her life
All our life
I married a showgirl that's for life
I married a showgirl that's for life

I took a showgirl for my bride
Sprinkled stardust on my wife
Took her bowling got her high
Got myself a showgirl bride
Got myself a showgirl bride
Don't you recognize us?
Don't you recognize us?

A picture is worth a thousand words, they say. A video should be worth more. Here's a link to the video of The Auteurs - Showgirl on YouTube.

Thursday, February 17, 2011

Empty, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for empty are cumna (empty) and lusta (void, empty).

The Sindarin word for empty is cofn (empty, void).

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Empty, in my words

vactig : empty

The Illunse word for empty is vactig.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word æmtig (empty, vacant, barren; unoccupied, without employment, free, idle), and the Latin word vacuus (empty, vacant, unoccupied; devoid of, free of).

I seem to be doing a lot of unpleasant adjectives this month. Sweet was nice; but sharp, bitter, sour and empty?

Sunday, February 13, 2011

Sweet, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for sweet is lissë (sweet; sweetness).

The Sindarin words for sweet are lend (tuneful, sweet; may be archaic) and melui (sweet; only occurs in a place name).

Saturday, February 12, 2011

Sweet, in my words

sulwe : sweet

The Illunse word for sweet is sulwe. Sulwe means star in Luo which is a language of Kenya and Tanzania. Sulwe is a unusual last name that is usually African.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word swéte (sweet, pure, fragrant, pleasant, agreeable; beloved, dear; fresh (not salt)), and the Latin word dulcis (pleasant, charming; sweet; kind, dear; soft, flattering, delightful).

Tuesday, February 08, 2011

Sour, in my words

scud : sour

The Illunse word for sour is scud. Scud is a ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union. In English scud means to race along swiftly (especially used of clouds). Scud: The Disposable Assassin is a science fiction comic and video game.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word súr (sour, tart, acid; made sour, fermented), and the Latin word acidus (acid / sour / bitter / tart; sour-smelling; soaked in vinegar).

I don't tend to use words that mean something in English, but I'll do it here.

I couldn't find words for sour in either Quenya or Sindarin.

Sunday, February 06, 2011

Bitter, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for bitter is sára.

The Sindarin word for bitter is saer.

Saturday, February 05, 2011

Bitter, in my words

amiter : bitter

The Illunse word for bitter is amiter. Amiter is a rare last name. Amiter is a bad misspelling of amateur.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word biter (bitter, sharp, cutting; stinging), and the Latin word amarus (bitter, brackish, pungent; harsh, shrill).

Thursday, February 03, 2011

Sharp, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for sharp are aica (sharp; fell, terrible, dire) and laica (keen, sharp, acute) and maica (sharp, piercing).

The Sindarin words for sharp are maeg (sharp, piercing, penetrating) and megor (sharp-pointed).

Wednesday, February 02, 2011

Sharp, in my words

ascear : sharp

The Illunse word for sharp is ascear.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word scearp (sharp, having a fine edge or point, pointed, prickly; sharp to the taste, pungent, biting), and the Latin word acer (sharp, bitter, pointed, piercing, shrill).

Thursday, January 27, 2011

Afternoon, in my words + afternoons

opermedon : afternoon

The Illunse word for afternoon is opermedon.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for afternoon which is ofernón and the Latin word for afternoon postmeridianus (of the afternoon).

As seen in an earlier post, the Illunse word for noon is medon. But oper will not be the word for after. Like the Old English word ofer, the Illunse word oper will mean beyond or over.

Back in Anglo-Saxon times ofernón meant after 3PM, instead of after 12PM. I assume that the Latin word postmeridianus meant after solar noon. Illunse may follow Latin here.

opermedona : afternoons

The Illunse word for afternoons (nominative plural) is opermedona.

Afternoons in Old English is ofernóna.

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Shadow, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for shadow are lëo (shade, shadow cast by an object), lumbulë (heavy shadow), huinë (deep shadow; gloom, darkness), ungo (cloud, dark shadow), lumbë (gloom, shadow).

The Sindarin words for shadow are dae (shadow), dúath (darkness, shadow; nightshade), gwath (shade, shadow, dim light), morchant (shadow of objects, dark shape)

Monday, January 24, 2011

Shadow, in my words + shadows

scumra : shadow

The Illunse word for shadow is scumra. Similar Shumra is an unusual first name that can be feminine.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for shadow which is sceadu (shadow (actual and figurative), shade) and the Latin word for shadow which is umbra (shade; ghost; shadow).

scumrae : shadows

The Illunse word for shadows (nominative plural) is scumrae.

Shadows in Latin is umbrae. Nights in Old English is sceadu (same as the singular shadow).

Thursday, January 20, 2011

Noon (solar noon), in my words

medon : noon (solar noon)

The Illunse word for noon (solar noon, when the sun appears the highest in the sky) is medon.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word nón (nones, service held at the ninth hour), and the Latin word meridies (noon; midday) or meridianus (of midday, noon).

The Old English word nón doesn't really equate to 12PM noon. I'm shifting this word to the modern definition. In Anglo-Saxon times nón was 3PM, the ninth hour.

My word earlier word for noon (midday), which is mieddae, will refer to a period of time around noon.

Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Dusk, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for dusk are histë (dusk), lómë (dusk, twilight; night), and undómë (twilight, usually of the
time near evening, not near dawn (that is tindómë))

The Sindarin word for dusk is tinnu (dusk, twilight, early night (without moon); starry twilight).

There are additional words for sunset.

Monday, January 17, 2011

Dusk, in my words

cregol : dusk

The Illunse word for dusk is cregol. Cregol is a rare last name. Similarily named Cregols is a town in France.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word glómmung (or glóm) (twilight, gloaming), and the Latin word crepusculum (twilight, dusk; darkness).

Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Dawn, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for dawn is ára. The word amaurëa (dawn, early day) is a poetic or archaic word from the Markirya Poem.

The Sindarin word for dawn is minuial (dawn, the time near dawn, when the stars fade).

There are additional words for sunrise.

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Dawn, in my words

dalce : dawn

The Illunse word for dawn is dalce. Dalce is an unusual last name. Dalce is the name of a village in Slovenia.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word dægrǽd (daybreak, dawn, early morning) and the Latin word diluculum (dawn, daybreak, first light; break of day). Another Latin word for dawn, which is likely more common, is aurora (dawn, daybreak, sunrise; goddess of the dawn).

Sunday, January 09, 2011

Night, in my words (revised) + nights

nict : night

The Illunse word for night is nict. Nict is a rare last name. NICT is an acronym for National Institute of Information and Communication Technology of Japan.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for night which is niht and the Latin word for night which is nox (which I transliterated to nocs).

My previous Illunse word for night was noct, which was too much like Latin, such as the Latin words noctis (nights) and nocturnus (nocturnal, of night, by night). I will retroactively change the word for midnight, too.

Here's a link to my ealier post, Night, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

nicta : nights

The Illunse word for nights (nominative plural) is nicta. Nicta is a rare last name. NICTA is an Australian research institute in information and communications
technology.

Nights in Latin is noctis. Nights in Old English is niht (same as the singular night).

By the way, I'm somewhat cheating on this plural, since I have no letter "a". But as the Old English word niht is a strong feminine noun (that's grammar), nicta makes sense.

Friday, January 07, 2011

Midnight, in my words

miednict : midnight

The Illunse word for midnight is miednict. The Illunse word for night is nict.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word midniht or middelniht, and the similar concept Latin terms multa nocte (late at night) and nox intempesta (the dead of night).

I couldn't find words for midnight in Tolkien's languages of Quenya or Sindarin.

Thursday, January 06, 2011

Day, in my words (revised) + days

dae : day

The Illunse word for day is dae. Dae is a last name. Dae means days in Afikaans. Dae means shadow in Sindarin.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for day which is dæg (which I transliterate to daeg) and the Latin word for day which is dies.

My previous Illunse word for day was daes, which I think works better as the nominative case plural. I will retroactively change the word for noon, too.

Here's a link to my ealier post, Day, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words.

daes : days

The Illunse word for days (nominative plural) is daes. Daes is a last name. Daes means does in Scots Gaelic.

Days in Latin is diei. Days in Old English is dagas.

Tuesday, January 04, 2011

Noon (midday), in my words

mieddae : noon (midday)

The Illunse word for noon (midday) is mieddae (if hyphenated, like mid-day, it's mied-dae). The Illunse word for day is dae.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word middæg (midday, noon), and the Latin word meridies (noon; midday) or meridianus (of midday, noon).

I couldn't find words for noon in Tolkien's languages of Quenya or Sindarin.

Sunday, January 02, 2011

Evening, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for evening are andúnë (sunset, evening) and sinyë (evening).

The Sindarin words for evening are aduial (the evening, time of star-opening) and (nightfall, late evening, night, dimness). Also thîn is poetic for evening.