Saturday, February 28, 2015

Sceat (a coin), in my words + sceattas

sceter : sceat (coin)

The sceat was a small, thick, silver Anglo-Saxon coin minted circa 675-750 AD. Sceattas pre-date Anglo-Saxon pennies. The modern English term sceat comes from the Old English word sceatt.

The Illunse word for sceat is sceter. Sceter is a rare last name. Sceter looks somewhat similar to the Modern English word sceptre.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word sceatt (property; money; payment), and the Latin word sesterius (a large brass coin minted during the Roman Empire; a small silver coin minted during the Roman Republic; worth 1/4 denarius).

The sceat and the sesterius were coins from completely different time periods, although both were, in their time, in everyday use. I'm not claiming that they are in any way equivalent. This Illunse word is admittedly something I threw together, a kludge, to construct another denomination of coins. I'm thinking of making the Illunse sceter worth more than the Illunse dening, or penny.

The picture is of an Anglo-Saxon sceat coin from Kent.

sceteras : sceattas (coins)

The Illunse word for sceattas (nominative plural) is sceteras.

In Latin the plural of sesterius is sestertii. In Old English the plural of sceatt is sceattas.

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Money, in my words + moneys or monies

feoca : money

The Illunse word for money is feoca. Feoca is a very rare last name. The Parish Church in Feock, Cornwall, UK is dedicated to Saint Feoca, about whom very little is known.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for money, feoh (money, wealth; cattle; name of the rune for f), and the Latin word pecunia (money, cash; property).

The picture is of part of the Lenborogh Hoard of Anglo-Saxon silver coins.

feocae : moneys or monies

The Illunse word for moneys or monies (nominative plural) is feocae.

Moneys or monies in Latin is pecuniae. Moneys or monies in Old English is apparently feoh (same as the singular).

Saturday, February 14, 2015

Farthing, in my words + farthings

cwadring : farthing

The Illunse word for farthing (low-value coin) is cwadring. Similar Cadring is a rare last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for farthing, féorðling or feórðlung (farthing, a fourthling, one quarter of a penny) (which I transliterate to feorthling or feorthlung), and the Latin word quadrans (fourth part, a quarter; Roman bronze coin worth one quarter of an as) (which I transliterate to cwadrans).

The Greek word for quadrans was translated in the King James Version of the Bible as farthing. (Picture shown is of an Roman quadrans coin).

cwadringas : farthings

The Illunse word for farthings (nominative plural) is cwadringas.

The Latin plural of quadrans is quadrantes. Farthings in Old English is féorðlingas or féorðlunga.

Saturday, February 07, 2015

Penny, in my words + pennies

dening : penny

The Illunse word for penny (small coin of little value) is dening. Dening is a unusual to uncommon last name. Dening is a rare first name. Dening is a place in Arunachal Pradesh, India.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for penny, pening (a penny coin, in Anglo-Saxon England a silver coin worth 240th of a pound), and the Latin word denarius (a small silver coin issued during the Roman Empire). Neither of these were the smallest coin denomination of their time. (Picture shown is of an Æthelred the Unready penny from around 1000 AD.)

This is a new word. My first Illunse word for some time.

deningas : pennies

The Illunse word for pennies (nominative plural) is deningas. Deningas is a rare last name.

The Latin plural of denarius is denarii. Pennies in Old English is peningas.

Sunday, June 15, 2014

Flour, in my words + flours

melfar : flour

The Illunse word for flour (powder obtained by grinding or milling cereal grains) is melfar. Melfar is a very rare last name. Melfar is the local dialect shortened name of the town Middelfart in Denmark.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for flour, melu (meal, flour), and the Latin word for flour, farina (flour, meal).

This is a new word.

melfara : flours

The Illunse word for flours (nominative plural) is melfara. Melfara is a very rare last name.

Flours in Latin is farinae. Flours in Old English is melwas.

Sunday, June 08, 2014

Bark, in my words + barks

rord : bark

The Illunse word for bark (exterior covering of a tree) is rord. Rord is a rare last name. Rord is a very rare masculine first name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for bark, rind (rind, bark, outside; of a tree the bark), and the Latin word for bark, cortex (bark, rind, shell, hull).

This is a new word.

rorda : barks

The Illunse word for barks (nominative plural) is rorda. Rorda is a very rare last name.

Barks in Latin is cortices. Barks in Old English is rinda.

Saturday, May 31, 2014

Moss, in my words + mosses

mocs : moss

The Illunse word for moss is mocs. Mocs is an informal term short for moccasins. University of Tennessee at Chattanooga team nickname is the Mocs. Mocs is a rare to unusual last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for moss, méos, and the Latin word for moss, muscus.

This is a new word. If I decide to use the letter X in Illunse, this word would be mox.

mocsas : mosses

The Illunse word for mosses (nominative plural) is mocsas. Mocsas is a very rare last name. Similar Mocsa is the name of a village in Hungary.

Mosses in Latin is musci. Mosses in Old English is méosas.

Saturday, May 24, 2014

Ivy, in my words + ivies

ifer : ivy

The Illunse word for ivy is ifer. Ifer is an unusual last name. Ifer is a rare first name. IFER is the acronym for a number of organizations. Ifer is the name of a place in Morocco.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for ivy, ífig, and the Latin word for ivy, hedera.

This is a new word.

ifera : ivies

The Illunse word for ivies (nominative plural) is ifera. Ifera is a rare last name. IFERA is an acronym for International Family Enterprise Research Academy.

Ivies in Latin is hederae. Ivies in Old English is ífig (same as the singular).

Friday, May 23, 2014

Thorn, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for thorn is nassë (thorn, spike).

The Sindarin words for thorn are êg (thorn) and ereg (holly-tree, thorn).

Sunday, May 18, 2014

Thorn, in my words + thorns

tirna : thorn

The Illunse word for thorn is tirna. Tirna is an unusual usually feminine first name. Tirna is rare last name. Tirna is the name of places in Slovenia, Mali and India.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for thorn, þorn (thorn, thorn-bush, name of the rune for þ) (which I transliterate to thorn), and the Latin word for thorn, spina (thorn, spine, prickle).

This is a new word.

tirnae : thorn

The Illunse word for thorns (nominative plural) is tirnae. Tirnae is a very rare last name.

Thorns in Latin is spinae. Thorns in Old English is þornas (which I transliterate to thornas).

Saturday, May 17, 2014

Smoke, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

I couldn't find a Quenya word for smoke.

The Sindarin word for smoke is osp (reek, smoke).

Sunday, May 11, 2014

Smoke, in my words + smokes

fumoc : smoke

The Illunse word for smoke is fumoc. Fumoc is a very rare last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English words for smoke, smoca (smoke), smíc (smoke, vapor, steam), amd réc (reek, smoke), and the Latin word for smoke, fumus (smoke, steam).

This is a new word.

fumocas : smokes

The Illunse word for smokes (nominative plural) is fumocas. Fumocas is a very rare last name.

Smokes in Latin is fumi. Smokes in Old English is smocan, smícas and récas.

Saturday, May 03, 2014

Birch, in my words + birches

beola : birch

The Illunse word for birch is beola. Beola is a rare last name. Beola is a rare feminine first name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for birch, beorc (birch-tree, name of the Anglo-Saxon rune for B), and the Latin word for birch, betula (birch tree).

This is a new word.

beolae : birches

The Illunse word for birches (nominative plural) is beolae.

Birches in Latin is betulae. Birches in Old English is beorca.

Thursday, May 01, 2014

Holly, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya word for holly is ercassë.

The Sindarin words for holly are ereg (holly-tree, thorn) and eregdos (holly, holly-tree).

Saturday, April 26, 2014

Holly, in my words + hollies

hoel : holly

The Illunse word for holly is hoel. Hoel (or Hoël) is an unusual last name. Hoel (or Hoël) is a rare masculine first name. Hoel is a king of Brittany in Arthurian legend. Hoel-galed is the name of a place in Wales.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for holly, holen, and the Latin word for holly, ilex (plant genus of holly; also means holm-oak). Another Latin word for holly is acrifolium.

This is a new word. I like that the word resembles Noel.

hoelas : hollies

The Illunse word for hollies (nominative plural) is hoelas. Hoelas is a very rare last name.

Hollies in Latin is ilices. Hollies in Old English is holenas.

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Elm, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for elm are alalmë and lalmë.

The Sindarin words for elm are lalorn and lalwen.

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Elm, in my words + elms

ulm : elm

The Illunse word for elm is ulm. Ulm is an uncommon last name. Ulm means elm in Romanian. Ulm is the name of a city in Germany. Ulm is the name of places in Montana, Arkansas and Romania. New Ulm is a place in Minnesota.

This word is a mixture of the Old English words for elm, elm (elm, elm tree) (same as Modern English), and the Latin word for elm, ulmus.

This is a new word. There was not much to mix here.

ulmas : elms

The Illunse word for elms (nominative plural) is ulmas. Ulmas is a rare last name. Ulmas is a rare masculine first name.

Elms in Latin is ulmi. Elms in Old English is elmas.

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Willow, in J.R.R. Tolkien's words

The Quenya words for willow are tasar, tasarë (willow-tree).

The Sindarin word for willow is tathar (willow-tree).

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Willow, in my words + willows

wilics : willow

The Illunse word for willow is wilics. Wilics is a very rare last name.

This word is a mixture of the Old English words for willow, welig (a willow) and wíðig (a withy, willow; used in compound words such as willow-bark), and the Latin word for willow, salix (willow, a willow branch) (which I transliterate to salics).

This is a new word. If I decide to use the letter X in Illunse, this word would be wilix.

wilicsas : willows

The Illunse word for willows (nominative plural) is wilicsas.

Willows in Latin is salices. Willows in Old English is weligas and wíðigas.

Sunday, April 06, 2014

Ash tree, in my words + ash trees

frasc : ash tree

The Illunse word for ash tree is frasc. Frasc is a rare last name. FRASC is an acronym for several groups.

This word is a mixture of the Old English word for ash tree, æsc, and the Latin word for ash tree, fraxinus. In Old English æsc is also the traditional name for the ae ligature (æ).

This is a new word.

frascan : ash trees

The Illunse word for ash trees (nominative plural) is frascan. Frascan is a very rare last name. Similar Frasca is an unusual last name.

Ash trees in Latin is fraxini. Ash trees in Old English is æscas.